New drug development process chart // Drug Repurposing

New drug development process chart

A new set of computer models

Countless Americans are suffering from thousands of diseases for which there are no treatments.

In an effort to develop new therapies for them, the National Institutes of Health launched a new program Thursday. The program is designed to match their researchers with experimental compounds currently not in further development from drug companies.

"Americans are eagerly awaiting the next generation of cure and treatments to help them live longer and healthier lives. To accelerate our nation's therapeutic development process, it is essential that we forge strong, innovative and strategic partnerships across government, academia and industry, " said Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius.
The NIH's new National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) is partnering with pharmaceutical giants Pfizer, AstraZeneca and Eli Lilly and Company in a collaboration that will give researchers access to two dozen compounds or molecules to test their effectiveness against a host of diseases. NCATS will provide $20 million a year for the next three years starting in 2013.

The compounds have already cleared a number of hurdles in the development process including safety testing in humans.

NIH Director Francis Collins says he is happy to serve as a matchmaker. While researchers have identified the cause of more than 4, 500 diseases, Collins says effective treatments are only available for about 250 of them.

He hopes that compounds that were not effective against the disease they were originally developed for prove to be useful for other conditions. The HIV prevention drug AZT is an example of a drug that was a failure against it's first opponent - cancer.

According to Collins, it currently takes on average $2 billion over a 14-year period to move a drug discovery from the lab to treatment. This new program would save researchers time and money because they wouldn't be starting from scratch.

"Clearly, we need to speed the pace at which we are turning discoveries into better health outcomes, " Collins said. "NIH looks forward to working with our partners in industry and academia to tackle an urgent need that is beyond the scope of any one organization or sector."

According to the NIH, under the new agreement, drug companies will retain ownership of their compounds, and their research partners retain intellectual property rights and the rights to publish the research. At the time the contract is negotiated, the drug company and the investigator determine how the profits will be divided.

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