Drug development Timeline // Drug Repurposing

Drug development Timeline

Hide captionPresident Richard Nixon officially declared a "war on drugs" in 1971, two years after calling for the creation of a national drug policy.

Hulton Archive/Getty Images

hide captionJimmy Carter campaigned for president on a platform that included decriminalizing marijuana.

Brian Alpert/Keystone/Getty Images

hide captionDrug kingpin Pablo Escobar in Bogota, Colombia, in 1989. That year, Forbes magazine listed him as the seventh-richest man in the world.


hide captionPanamanian General Manuel Noriega allowed cocaine to be shipped through Panama.

DSK/AFP/Getty Images

hide captionFirst Lady Nancy Reagan launched "Just Say No, " her anti-drug campaign, in 1984. She's seen here speaking at an anti-drug conference at the White House.

Doug Mills/Bettmann/CORBIS

hide captionCarlos Enrique Lehder Rivas, a former Colombian politician, was accused of heading the Medellin drug cartel. In the 1980s, the drug ring was responsible for smuggling 74 percent of the cocaine used in the United States. This mug shot of Lehder was taken after his 1987 arrest for drug smuggling.


hide captionU.S. soldiers advance toward their position at a military command post loyal to Gen. Manuel Noriega on Dec. 23, 1989, in Santiago, Panama. Noriega was accused of drug trafficking, money laundering and racketeering.

Manoocher Deghati/AFP/Getty Images

hide captionPanamanian Gen. Manuel Noriega on Jan 4, 1990, in Miami. He surrendered to the DEA in Panama the day before. He's currently in a federal prison in Miami.

DSK/AFP/Getty Images

hide captionPosters display the portrait of the late Colombian drug cartel kingpin Pablo Escobar, who was killed by police in Medellin in 1993. The posters read "Pablo for President-Sovereignty-Independence." These were posted in Bogota more than a decade after Escobar's death, during the 2006 presidential race.

STR/AFP/Getty Images

hide captionA Colombian soldier advances in a field of coca, while a plane sprays deadly defoliant in September 2000. U.S. and Colombian officials have declared their seven-year-long spraying policy a success. But Colombian coca production has not decreased — just dispersed to smaller, harder-to-find locales.

Luis Acosta/AFP/Getty Images

hide captionA poppy field in bloom in northeastern Afghanistan. In 2005 the country produced 90 percent of the world's opium, which is refined into heroin for sale in many parts of the world. U.N. experts warned that the country was turning into a "narco-state" less than four years after the fall of the Taliban.

Paula Bronstein/Getty Images

hide captionAn Afghan Counter Narcotics Police officer guards plastic bags of opium. More than 1, 650 pounds of opium were siezed from inside a fuel tanker in May 2005 in Kabul, Afghanistan.

Paula Bronstein/Getty Images
U.S. soldiers advance toward a military command post in Panama in December 1989.

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It is used in the semiconductor industry to make the ultra pure semiconductors to start with.
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