Autoimmune disease in dogs Prognosis // Drug Repurposing

Autoimmune disease in dogs Prognosis

Is your dog ill?A vet will perform numerous tests on a dog to detect the disease. Commonly, a complete blood profile and urinalysis will be ordered. A doctor will also examine the animal for kidney scars. These are small, hard lumps that can be felt through the skin.

A veterinarian may require a urine sample for a specific gravity test. This will determine the severity of the problem. Dogs with weak kidneys will not be able to produce urine that is highly concentrated. A low specific gravity will signal a serious problem.

The urine will likely be examined for protein. When the organs fail, they leak blood protein into the waste. A high content of protein is a signal that long term damage is present. Blood urea nitrogen levels will be abnormally high as well.

Blood will be tested for phosphorus and potassium. Calcium levels will also be examined. If phosphorus levels are high, a vet will presume that it is a sign of kidney failure. Potassium levels will seem high as well. Calcium levels will be low because animals with this problem do not properly absorb the mineral.

Since the kidneys are responsible for producing a hormone that is involved with red blood cell manufacturing, anemia may set in. Also, blood pressure will be measured. High blood pressure is often present in dogs with renal damage.

kidney dogTreatment Options

Even though there is no cure for chronic renal failure, multiple steps can be followed to slow the disease. The first course of treatment is a special diet. Food should be low in protein, calcium, sodium, and phosphorus. However, potassium and fatty acids should be plentiful. To encourage an animal to eat these new foods, it is wise to add a small amount of tuna juice or chicken broth to enhance the flavor. Many times, soluble fiber is added to the diet to help eliminate toxins. A dog must remain well hydrated at all times as well.

Since dogs with kidney issues experience weight loss, anemia, or poor appetite, a vet may recommend adding a vitamin supplement to the diet. B vitamins are often prescribed to stimulate the appetite and eliminate deficiencies. Potassium supplements will be useful when this mineral’s level is low. This will help a dog battle the fatigue that comes with kidney problems.

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